Visualization is a trend of data exploration. The key success indicator of visualization is cleaned data sets. To clean data, you can make it through scrips by Python, R, or you can use SQL at the query stage. However, if your role is a BI analyst or end-user, you may have no access right or hard code programming ability, if so, you need to learn how to clean or transform data in your BI tools. We are talking about clean data in Power BI in this article.

Transform function in Power BI desktop version

  1. Duplicate function

You can use this function to duplicate your query. It is…

Digital transformation has been turned into a key objective for many companies and organizations after COVID. The purpose of digitalization is to improve working efficiency and increase resilience to the rapidly changing business environment. I would like to share my experience of preparing and planning digital transformation for a large organization, the topic includes the investigation, the planning, and the execution.

The investigation

The investigation covers the following parts, understand organization culture, identify the politics, understand the duty the teamwork among teams, collect the on-going projects from teams. If you are an external consultant or new hire for a company, you need…

In my previous article, I have a brief introduction of Toyota Business Practice (TBP) which is a very powerful methodology to shape your logic and a great way to solve the problem you encounter. In this article, I will be starting with the target, as we are working to achieving the target no matter what kind of tasks we are taking.

TBP introduction

Root cause finding

As we can use the SMART principle to set our target, we can have an achievable, measurable, and very clear goal over there. The next step is that we need to understand what leads to the problem we are…

Which way is better for you to load data from DB to Power BI

When we create dashboards on the Power BI desktop, most of the time we connect to the database to pull out data. In Power BI, there are two ways you can use to load data from DB, import, or direct query. I will explain the difference and the advantages of each way to let you understand which way is proper for you.

data import options for DB connection

The differences


Using the import function, you can load the data from DB, there is a 1 GB limit to the Desktop if you plan on publishing to the BI Service. …

DAX is widely used in Microsoft solutions such as Power BI and Excel. You may have the experience of using DAX in BI, but in fact, DAX is also a very helpful tool to make the pivot tables even powerful. The foreseeable benefits from DAX are automation, standardization, and easy of maintenance.

In this article, I will be introducing three functions, Sum, Divide, and Calculate function based on conditions, to help you build a powerful and automated pivot table. I use a small data set from Uber which I got from the interview, here is the schema and the first…

Data visualization is quite important for analysts, researchers, or scientists. A few days ago, we saw many visualized charts on news, website, or slides, to emphasize the outbreak and affection of COVID 19. Today, I would like to follow this trend, using John Burn-Murdoch’s chart as a good example and providing you with 3-step tips to make better of your charts.


Step 1, Review materials

The material here means your data. There are tons of columns in your data sets and for a chart, you must need to understand what is your topic. In this step, you must decide which information you want to…

At the very first, I would like to explain why the distinct count is so important in data analysis. No matter you are at the stage of data exploration, or you are set the denominators to indicators, it is absolutely important to make a distinct count reflect the reality. Otherwise, you may have over booming indicators or overviews. By means, you can use SQL, Python, R, Pivot, or other tools to do it.

In Python

It is absolutely convenient to use functions in the library. Here it is


In python 3.7, you can also use the function (for list data )

TBP 起源與核心概念

TBP 是Toyota 使用在解決問題的一套方法論,起源於製造業的流程改善與問題解決,而後被歸廣到各行各業。我個人認為,TBP的精隨在於定義問題以及設定正確的目標。定義問題的要點在於拆解問題,也就是把複雜的問題拆分到最小單位,再從最重要或是影響最大的問題開始解決起。設定正確的目標有助於領導我們分配資源,制定計畫,也就是我們要解決這項最重要的問題到什麼程度。問題與目標 對組織橫向來說,每一個產業,每一個部門,都會碰到; 垂直來說,每一個階層也會有需要改善的部分。

TBP 各階段任務與數據分系的關聯

TBP 共分為8個主要的階段,每個階段都有其任務,我提供簡略圖示如下:



在我看來,數據分析有兩種方向的推動(two-direction project driving),一個是透過結果去找原因,比方說透過periodical reports or trend analysis 發現某些異常,進而去探究原因。另外一種是透過分析去找機會,比方說產業分析,新市場分析等等。這兩種方向的分析都需要經過假說與驗證,只是分析的方向、維度與目的大有不同。而TBP更適合用在解決已知問題,也就是透過結果去找原因。

透過結果去找原因的首要任務就是定錨問題,也就是從趨勢中去找到問題點,進而判斷這些問題的重要程度以及影響範圍,然後挑選相對重要急迫的問題來解決,挑選的方式也會在後面文章提到。接著就是設定我們要透過數據分析來改善這個問題到什麼程度,這會大量關聯到我們手邊有什麼資料,要回溯到哪個歷史點,資料的構面要到多少,分析的時間以及實驗的設計有多長多大等等。定錨問題與設定目標後,我們會聚焦在可能的原因,也就是透過數據來找問題點。再來我們透過分析會產出一些解決方向與幾項解決方案,此時也需要透過成本效益分析來評估我們適合採取哪種解決方案。最後則是這樣的Knowhow 要怎麼傳承,這樣的方法論要怎麼expand 到其他問題的解決。 大略介紹了數據分析跟TBP方法論之間的關聯,下面幾篇文章會在帶大家一步步實踐TBP,敬請期待!

This article is writing to the following analyst roles:

  1. You are a green hand in the analytics filed with technical skills
  2. You just transfer to another role and are in charge of a bigger scope (e.g. cross teams, cross countries, cross regions). As we all know the hard skills are basics for an analyst, the communication capabilities and the ability to cooperate across teams are things more important. Now let us start our topics.

To study domain knowledge

Every analytics starts with business understanding which includes product characteristics, life cycles, channels, business models, limitations, etc…We all believe a principle that we can only improve…

今天這篇文章要來跟大家聊聊幾個重點:被資遣的心態、你可以做的事、你可以申請的補助。文章主要TA是在外商工作,report line 非本國,同時是矩陣組織公司工作的人。先來分享一下背景,我在一間美商公司擔任regional role,負責APJ通路商的管理,line manager 是個在德國長大的越南裔,stakeholders 大部分分布在亞洲各個國家,recruiter team 在新加坡,VP在瑞典,這是一個非常矩陣的組織。再說狀況,今年8月我收到通知,因為組織異動的關係我的位置會被set as redundant,也就是layoffs。就跟大部分美國電影看到的一樣,收到通知後我被告知不用再進公司,7天notice day,然後就可以滾了。


根本夭壽阿,想想龐大開銷還有後續要堅強努力地繼續生活,想到頭就痛。我相信大部分的人第一時間都會覺得是自己不夠好,沒跟上組織變動或是能力不足,相信我,並不一定。以我這次為例子,我的performance 屬於前段班,手上也有正在going 的projects,所以其實不是績效或是能力問題。那麼,問題在哪呢?可能有很多,組織異動,大環境改變,政治因素等等,再告訴大家一個數字,矽谷80%的人都被lay過,你沒有想像中廢(當然也沒想像中強啦)。


1. 調整心態,要相信自己的能力,不要被強烈的自我否定打敗。低潮是一定會有的,我不相信有人被lay off會高潮的。要記住能解決這件問題的只有你自己,一定要讓自己有能力有精神面對處理。

2. 調整心態,不要幹譙你的主管,跟lay掉你的主管保持良好關係,至少不要交惡。原因很簡單,你或許還會需要他的reference or supports to your next offers.




1. 確認遮羞package 是否合理,不合理的地方請據理力爭,這時候你會發現notice period 的重要性,因為它關乎你的遣散費QQ。如果是在台灣的offer,務必申請非自願離職,才有後續的補助。

2. 衡量你的經濟能力。如果你有房貸、負債等等需要有立即銜接的金援,那不要懷疑,馬上展開你的求職計畫。如果沒有上述壓力,你可以選擇休息一陣子,完成想要完成的證照、體驗、旅行等等。

3. 思考你的職涯,修改你的履歷。雖然這件事應該平常就要做,但在這個時候更應該好好檢視你的履歷、作品集等等,同時思考你的職涯發展。

4. 善用你的人脈好好發掘可能的機會。善用你的network,擴大你的選項,不要讓自己落入沒有選擇的地步。



非本國offer 我們分成有visa concern 以及沒有 visa concern (China)。當然有visa concern 最重要的是要在簽證到期前找到一間願意support 的公司,那你的選擇就會相對有限,至於其他的細節就看你在哪個國家工作,當地政府對勞工是否有所保障囉。

最後我分享我被離職的原因以及我如何在一周內找到新的工作。被離職原因就是我的前老闆想要用自己的人,也就是所謂的政治因素,沒什麼好抱怨,這就是職場。一周內無縫接軌歸功於我把相關訊息發給對的有力人士,可以迅速地獲得不錯的機會然後順利接軌,感謝眾多貴人以及朋友! 最後給大家幾個takeaways。

1. 本薪很重要

2. Offer 細節很重要(package, notice, benefits…)

3. 不交惡很重要

4. Understand workplace politics and key players in your organization. You need to get connect with people who can help you.

5. 如何快速地調整心態很重要

希望大家都不會用到這些tips, stay tuned.

Connect business with technique

A business analyst who is familiar with the APAC market and stays with 8-year experience in data analytics, project management, and operations management.

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